Heart disease is difficult when it attacks children and adults. Narrow the focus to children and the term still encompasses many different types of problems that range from a condition that has no symptoms and is never diagnosed, to a problem that is severe and potentially life threatening that is apparent at birth. Many sorts of heart problems can attack children and these include congenital heart defects, viral infections that affect the heart and even heart diseases acquired later in childhood due to illnesses or genetic syndromes.
In Less Developed Countries (LDCs), there is an outbreak of pediatric cardiovascular diseases that are a major contributor to infant and under-five mortality and yet pediatric cardiac surgery and cardiac catheterization interventions are available in only a few of the Sub-Saharan African countries.
In Uganda, open heart surgeries (OHSs) and interventional procedures for pediatric cardiovascular disease are only possible at the Uganda Heart Institute (UHI) leaving those with no access to this facility at a disadvantage as cardiovascular infections do not only attack children living in city centers but also those in rural areas.
Despite the fact that there are many advances in medicine and technology that allow many children with heart diseases to go on to living in active and full lives, there is less improvement in Uganda as many children in both rural and urban areas are unable to access these medicines and even those in need of cardiac operations are unable to facilitate themselves. Many of them can barely afford even the transportation to the places of access. Others end up dying as the facilities for their operations are limited in the Country and yet have no funds to travel to countries like India where hope can be breathed into their lives.